World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Influence of High-resolution Surface Databases on the Modeling of Local Atmospheric Circulation Systems : Volume 6, Issue 4 (16/12/2013)

By Paiva, L. M. S.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0004009581
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 57
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Influence of High-resolution Surface Databases on the Modeling of Local Atmospheric Circulation Systems : Volume 6, Issue 4 (16/12/2013)  
Author: Paiva, L. M. S.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 4
Language: English
Subject: Science, Geoscientific, Model
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: copernicus


APA MLA Chicago

R. Bodstei, G. C., G. Pimente, L. C., & S. Paiv, L. M. (2013). Influence of High-resolution Surface Databases on the Modeling of Local Atmospheric Circulation Systems : Volume 6, Issue 4 (16/12/2013). Retrieved from

Description: Federal Center of Technological Education, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Large-eddy simulations are performed using the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) code at horizontal grid resolutions as fine as 300 m to assess the influence of detailed and updated surface databases on the modeling of local atmospheric circulation systems of urban areas with complex terrain. Applications to air pollution and wind energy are sought. These databases are comprised of 3 arc-sec topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, 10 arc-sec vegetation type data from the European Space Agency (ESA) GlobCover Project, and 30 arc-sec Leaf Area Index and Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation data from the ESA GlobCarbon Project. Simulations are carried out for the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro using six one-way nested-grid domains that allow the choice of distinct parametric models and vertical resolutions associated to each grid. ARPS is initialized using the Global Forecasting System with 0.5°-resolution data from the National Center of Environmental Prediction, which is also used every 3 h as lateral boundary condition. Topographic shading is turned on and two soil layers with depths of 0.01 and 1.0 m are used to compute the soil temperature and moisture budgets in all runs. Results for two simulated runs covering the period from 6 to 7 September 2007 are compared to surface and upper-air observational data to explore the dependence of the simulations on initial and boundary conditions, topographic and land-use databases and grid resolution. Our comparisons show overall good agreement between simulated and observed data and also indicate that the low resolution of the 30 arc-sec soil database from United States Geological Survey, the soil moisture and skin temperature initial conditions assimilated from the GFS analyses and the synoptic forcing on the lateral boundaries of the finer grids may affect an adequate spatial description of the meteorological variables.

Influence of high-resolution surface databases on the modeling of local atmospheric circulation systems

Arino, O., Ranera, F., Plummer, S., and Borstlap, G.: GlobCarbon product description, 28 pp., available at:, last access: 21 November 2013, 2008.; Asrar, G., Fuchs, M., Kanemasu, E. T., and Hatfield, J. L.: Estimating absorbed photosynthetic radiation and leaf area index from spectral reflectance in wheat, Agron. J., 76, 300–306, 1984.; Bastin, B. S. and Drobinsky, P.: Sea-breeze-induced mass transport over complex terrain in south-eastern France: a case-study, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 132, 405–423, 2006.; Beljaars, A. C. M., Viterbo, P., Betts, A., and Miller, M. J.: The anomalous rainfall over the United States during July 1993: sensitivity to land surface parameterization and soil moisture anomalies, Mon. Weather Rev., 124, 362–384, 1996.; Bicheron, P., Defourny, P., Brockmann, C., Schouten, L., Vancutsem, C., Huc, M., Bontemps, S., Leroy, M., Achard, F., Herold, M., Ranera, F., and Arino, O.: GLOBCOVER Products description and Validation Report, available at:, last access: 21 November 2013, 2008.; Black, T. L.: The new NMC mesoscale eta model: description and forecast examples, Weather Forecast., 9, 265–278, 1994.; Bubnová, R., Horányi, A., and Malardel, S.: International project ARPEGE/ALADIN, in: EWGLAM, Newsletter 22, de Belgique IRM (ed), 117–130, 1993.; Businger, J. A., Wyngaard, J. C., Izumi, Y., and Bradley, E. F.: Flux–profile relationships in the atmospheric surface layer, J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 181–189, 1971.; Castro, F. A., Palma, J. M. L. M., and Silva Lopes, A.: Simulations of the Askervein flow, Part I: Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations ($k - \varepsilon$ Turbulence Model), Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 107, 501–530, 2003.; Chen, Y., Ludwig, F. L., and Street, R. L.: Stably-stratified flows near a notched, transverse ridge across the Salt Lake Valley, J. Appl. Meteorol., 43, 1308–1328, 2004.; Farr, T. G. and Kobrick, M.: Shuttle Radar Topography Mission produces a wealth of data, EOS T. Am. Geophys. U., 81, 583–585, 2000.; Chou, M.-D.: Paramemterization for the absorption of solar radiation by O2 and CO2 with application to climate studies, J. Climate, 3, 209–217, 1990.; Chou, M.-D. and Suarez, M. J.: An efficient thermal infrared radiation parameterization for use in general circulation models, NASA Tech Memo 104606, NASA Center for Aerospace Information, 800 Elkridge Landing Road, Linthicum Heights, MD 21090-2934, 85 pp., 1994.; Chow, F. K.: Subfilter-scale turbulence modeling for large-eddy simulation of the atmospheric boundary layer over complex terrain, Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, Environmental Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, California, USA, 339 pp., 2004.; Chow, F. K. and Street, R. L.: Evalution of turbulence closure models for large-eddy simulation over complex terrain: flow over Askervein Hill, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 48, 1050–1065, 2009.; Chow, F. K., Street, R. L., Xue, M., and Ferziger, J. H.: Explicit filtering and reconstruction turbulence modeling for large-eddy simulation of neutral boundary layer flow, J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2058–2077, 2005.; Chow, F. K., Weigel, A. P., Street, R. L., Rotach, M. W., and Xue, M.: High-resolution large-eddy simulations of flow in a steep Alpine valley, Part I: Methodology, verification, and sensitivity experiments, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 45, 63–86, 2006.; Colette, A., Chow, F. K., and Street, R. L.: A numerical study of inversion-layer breakup and the effects of topographic shading in idealized valleys, J. Appl. Meteorol., 42, 1255–1272, 2003.; De Wekker, D. G. S., Fast, J. D., Rotach


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Derivation of a Numerical Solution of th... (by )
  • Verification of Spacepy's Radial Diffusi... (by )
  • The Surfexv7.2 Land and Ocean Surface Pl... (by )
  • Improved Simulation of Precipitation in ... (by )
  • A Mimetic, Semi-implicit, Forward-in-tim... (by )
  • A Web Service Based Tool to Plan Atmosph... (by )
  • Modele2-tomas Development and Evaluation... (by )
  • The Oasis3 Coupler: a European Climate M... (by )
  • High Resolution Numerical Modeling of Me... (by )
  • Refinement of a Model for Evaluating the... (by )
  • Equivalent Sensor Radiance Generation an... (by )
  • Modelling Sediment Export, Retention and... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Hawaii eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.