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National Marine Sanchuaries

By Gittings, Steve

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Book Id: WPLBN0000682143
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 121.21 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: National Marine Sanchuaries  
Author: Gittings, Steve
Language: English
Subject: Science., Ecology & environment, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
Collections: National Oceanographic Data Center
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Reference Publication


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Gittings, T. (n.d.). National Marine Sanchuaries. Retrieved from

Introduction: Surveys conducted between 1984 and 1994 showed that benthic community succession at the grounding site of the M/V WELLWOOD resulted in a community more like that of nearby hard grounds than the original transition zone assemblage that likely inhabited the location prior to the 1984 incident (Precht et al., 2001). Biological assemblages were dominated by a limited number of gorgonian and scleractinian species with high recruitment rates (Gittings et al., 1993; Smith et al., 1998). Gorgonian corals composed most of the cover. Very few framework building hard corals had recruited to the site, and their slow growth precluded the development of pre-existing topographic complexity, a factor vital to continued development of diverse invertebrate and fish assemblages. Storms in the late 1990s disrupted and/or removed significant portions of destabilized reef framework from the grounding site, as well as attached benthic organisms. Restoration activities planned for 2002 are intended to stabilize remaining at-risk surfaces and enhance community development by the addition of topographic complexity and vertical structure. Transplantation of selected coral species is also planned following the stabilization of the substrate.


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