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Industrial Organization


Industrial organization is a field of economics that studies the structure of and boundaries between firms and markets and the strategic interactions of firms. The study of industrial organization adds to the perfectly competitive model real-world frictions such as limited information, transaction costs, costs of adjusting prices, government actions, and barriers to entry by new firms into a market that may be associated with imperfect competition.

 
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Proposed New Industry Structure for Postal Service and Couriers

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The detailed NAICS structure along with a brief description of the structure is attached (Attachments 1 and 2). Each country agrees to release a copy of the proposed NAICS structure to interested data users. Comments received will be shared among the countries and additional discussions will be held before a final decision on the structure is made. Each country may add additional detailed industries, below the 4-digit level of NAICS, as necessary to meet nationa...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Broadcasting and Telecommunica...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Representatives of the statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico and the United States have agreed to a draft industry classification for the Broadcasting and Telecommunications subsector. The draft establishes three industry groups and nine industries. It has not yet been determined in which industry sector in NAICS the Broadcasting and Telecommunications industry subsector will be included.

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Food Services and Drinking Pla...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The classification meets the objectives for the North American Industry Classification System. It is comprised of industries which group establishments with similar production processes, that is, it applies the production-oriented economic concept. The hierarchical structure also follows the production concept. The classification achieves comparability for the three participating countries. Based on existing data, all three countries expect to be able to publish...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Food Manufacturing and Beverag...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Food Manufacturing includes establishments that transform livestock and agricultural products into products for intermediate or final consumption. The industry groups are distinguished by the processes and the nature of the raw materials used. The first two categories, Animal Food Manufacturing and Grain and Oilseed Milling, are characterized by the grinding process. Excluded from this industry group is the nixtamal milling carried out in Mexico, due to the inte...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Fabricated Metal Product Manuf...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing industries transform metal into intermediate or end products, other than machinery, computers and electronics, and metal furniture. Some important fabricated metal processes are forging, stamping, bending, forming, and machining, which are used to shape individual pieces of metal. Processes such as welding and assembling are used to join separate parts together. Establishments may use one of these processes or they may ...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Machinery Manufacturing

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The industries included in the Machinery Manufacturing subsector create end products that apply mechanical force, for example, the application of gears and levers to perform work. Some important processes for manufacture of machinery are forging, stamping, bending, forming, and machining that are used to shape individual pieces of metal. Processes such as welding and assembling are used to join separate parts together. These processes are similar to those used i...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Electrical Equipment, Applianc...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Electrical Equipment, Appliance and Component Manufacturing industries create products that generate, distribute and use electrical power. While establishments classified in many parts of manufacturing make products that use electricity, the manufacture of electric lighting equipment and signs and household appliances require particular attention to the application of electricity. That is the reason for their inclusion in this subsector. Electrical Equipment...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Transportation Equipment Manuf...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Transportation Equipment Manufacturing industries produce equipment for transporting people and goods. Assembly of components, usually purchased as subassemblies, characterizes the chief production process in this subsector. Other processes employed in industries in this subsector include bending, forming, welding, machining, and assembly of metal or plastic to make parts for the subassemblies that are further fabricated into the finished product by other es...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Educational Services

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Educational services industries provide instruction and training in a wide variety of subjects. The industry groups within this subsector (Elementary and Secondary Schools; Junior Colleges; Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools; Business, Computer and Management Training Schools; Technical and Trade Schools; Miscellaneous Schools and Instruction; and Educational Support Services) are based on the level of educational services provided, and therefore o...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Computer and Electronic Produc...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing industries produce computers, computer peripherals, communications equipment, and similar electronic products, together with components for such products. The treatment of this subsector in NAICS differs substantially from past national classifications in all three countries, and also from other international classifications. First, in NAICS the computer and electronic product manufacturing industries have been e...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Furniture Manufacturing

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Furniture Manufacturing includes establishments that produce articles such as chairs, beds, mattresses, dressers, tables and desks for human comfort, convenience and utility. Processes used in the manufacture of furniture include the cutting, bending, molding, laminating and assembly of such materials as wood, metal, glass, plastics, and rattan. In addition, design and fashion trends play an important part in the production of furniture. The production process f...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Printing and Related Support A...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: Printing and Related Support Activities industries print products such as newspapers, books, periodicals, business forms, greeting cards, and other material. Support activities, such as bookbinding, plate making, and data imaging are also included in this subsector. These activities are an integral part of the printing industry, and a product (a printing plate, a bound book, or a computer disk or file) that is an integral part of the printing industry is almost ...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Professional, Scientific and T...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico, and the United States have agreed to place major emphasis on improved services classifications in NAICS. In their July 26, 1994 statement of concept for NAICS (Federal Register, Vol. 59, No. 142, p.38094), they stated: ?Statistical agencies of the three countries agree to give special attention to developing production-oriented classifications for (a) new and emerging industries, (b) service industries in general ... ?

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Information

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The expressions ?information age? and ?global information economy? are used with considerable frequency today. The general idea of an ?information economy? includes both the notion of industries primarily producing, processing, and distributing information, as well as the idea that every industry is using available information and information technology to reorganize and make themselves more productive. For the purpose of developing NAICS, it is the transformati...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Wood Product Manufacturing, Ex...

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Wood Product Manufacturing, Except Furniture industries produce wood products such as lumber, hardwood and softwood plywood and veneers, wood containers, wood flooring and trusses, mobile homes, and prefabricated wood buildings. The production processes of the Wood Product Manufacturing, Except Furniture industries include sawing, planing, shaping, laminating and sometimes assembly of wood, starting from logs that are cut into bolts, planks, or boards that t...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Rental and Leasing

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Rental and Leasing subsector includes establishments that acquire and own a wide variety of tangible goods, such as machinery, equipment, computers and consumer goods, and rent or lease these goods to customers, businesses or individuals in return for a periodic rental or lease payment. The subsector includes two main types of establishments: those that provide rental of various consumer goods and equipment and those that provide longer term leases for machi...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Repair and Maintenance

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: In the current classification systems of the three countries, repair and maintenance establishments are included in many different categories based on the type of item being repaired. Further, repair and maintenance industries are dispersed among many industry categories in ISIC. The NAICS structure brings together most types of repair and maintenance establishments and categorizes them based on production processes, that is, on the type of repair and maintenanc...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Management and Support Services

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico, and the United States have agreed to place major emphasis on improved services classifications in NAICS, and to give special attention to developing production-oriented classifications for new and emerging industries and service industries in general. Most past services classifications, including the International Standard Industrial Classification of all Economic Activities (ISIC, Revision 3) have two analytical inade...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Finance and Insurance

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The Finance and Insurance sector consists of establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions ? that is, transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets ? or in facilitating financial transactions. Three principal types of activities can be identified: Some establishments raise funds by taking deposits and/or issuing securities, and, in the process, incur liabilities. They use these funds to acquire financia...

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Proposed New Industry Structure for Retail Trade and Wholesale Trade

By: U.S. Census Bureau Department

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The NAICS definitions of Retail Trade and Wholesale Trade differ from the previous definitions in all three countries. The new definitions of Retail Trade and Wholesale Trade follow. They result from a new criterion to separate these sectors. Retail establishments are primarily engaged in selling merchandise, generally without transformation, for end use. These establishments attract customers using methods such as advertising, point-of-sale location, and displa...

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